Burma Research Society

   Established by John S. Furnivall in 1909 and holding its first meeting the following year, the society's goal was to promote scientific and cultural studies on the country. It sponsored seminars and conferences and published The Journal of the Burma Research Society, which contained articles in both the Burmese (Myanmar) language and English and was the principal scholarly publication in Burma until Ne Win closed down the Society in 1980, claiming it was an unneeded relic of British colonialism. BURMA ROAD. Constructed between 1937 and 1939, the Burma Road was the main route along which Western countries supplied the Chiang Kai-shek (Jiang Jyeshi) government in Chongqing (Chungking) with weapons and materiel during China's war with Japan. An engineering marvel, it wound through steep mountainous terrain, from the railhead at Lashio, Shan State, to the Chinese border at Wanting (Wanding), and continued on to Kunming, capital of Yunnan Province. Thence another road carried supplies to Chongqing. Its importance grew after Japanese forces occupied most of China's east coast ports and closed down an alternate supply route from northern Vietnam (French Indochina) in September 1940. Between 1938 and 1940, the volume of supplies brought up by road or rail from the port of Rangoon (Yangon) grew from 2,000 to 10,000 tons a month. Tokyo saw closure of the road as essential to a speedy resolution of the "China Incident," and, when diplomatic pressure on Britain failed, sought a military solution. Neglected after the war, the Burma Road was reconstructed when the State Law and Order Restoration Council established close relations with China in 1989, largely for purposes of overland trade.

Historical Dictionary of Burma (Myanmar). . 2014.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Burma Research Society — The Burma Research Society was founded on 29 March 1910 at a meeting held at the Bernard Free Library in Rangoon by J S Furnivall, J A Stewart, Gordon H Luce and Pe Maung Tin. It published original research which appeared in the Journal of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Burma studies — is a grouping used in research universities around the world as a way of bringing together specialists from different disciplines such as history, cultural anthropology, archeology, religious studies, art history, political science, and… …   Wikipedia

  • Burma — Republic of the Union of Myanmar ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw …   Wikipedia

  • Society of the Mongol Empire — The expansion of the Mongol Empire over time. Main article: Mongol Empire Contents 1 Food in the Mongol Empire …   Wikipedia

  • Islam in Burma — Part of a series on Islam by country Africa Algeria • …   Wikipedia

  • Migration period of ancient Burma — History of Burma Prehistory 11,000–200 BCE Pyu city states 200 BCE–835 CE Mon kingdoms 825?–1057 Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406 …   Wikipedia

  • Literature of Burma — The literature of Burma (or Myanmar) spans over a millennium. Burmese literature was historically influenced by Indian and Thai cultures, as seen in many works, such as the Ramayana . The Burmese language, unlike other Southeast Asian languages… …   Wikipedia

  • History of arrival of Islam in Burma — The first Muslims had landed in Myanmar (Burma’s) Ayeyarwady River delta, Tanintharyi coast and Rakhine as seamen in ninth century, prior to the establishment of the first Myanmar (Burmese) empire in 1055 AD by King Anawrahta of Bagan or Pagan.… …   Wikipedia

  • History of Burma — Prehistory 11,000–200 BCE Pyu city states 200 BCE–835 CE Mon kingdoms 825?–1057 Arakanese kingdoms 788?–1406 …   Wikipedia

  • Constitution of Burma — Burma (Myanmar) This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Burma Government …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.